Cadmium (Cd), a naturally occurring element, is a carcinogen introduced to the atmosphere primarily from human and industrial activity. These activities include mining, smelting and refining of non-ferrous metals, fossil fuel combustion, waste incineration, and the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers and batteries. Cadmium can also be present in tobacco products. Trace amounts of cadmium are generated in nature from volcanic activity and surface weathering and erosion. Information source: the World Health Organization.
Cadmium can reduce kidney function, and have adverse impacts on the skeletal and the respiratory systems. Information source: the World Health Organization.